On Tuesday July 13, 2010, President Obama revealed a five year plan in an effort to reduce HIV/AIDS in the United States. The Obama administration plan aims to reduce new infections of HIV/AIDS in the next five years by 25 per cent; the plan is aimed at reducing the growing complacency associated with HIV/AIDS in the United States. $30 million from the Health Care Reform overhaul will be put towards implementing the plan.
Obama administration plan on HIV/AIDS education and access to care
Educating people about the importance of reducing the disease, through the use of condoms, HIV testing and abstinence was one of the key areas outlined in the plan, in addition to increasing access to care for those who become infected. However, some AIDS activists criticized the President’s strategy for not setting more specific targets.
Statistics on HIV/AIDS in the United States
HIV is the human immunodeficiency virus that can lead to AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Specific blood cells, CD4+ T cells, are destroyed in the body; these cells are needed to help the body fight off disease.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that more than one million people are infected with HIV in the United States, and one in five of those people are unaware that they have the disease. Women account for 27 per cent of new HIV infections each year.
HIV/AIDS risk factors for women
HIV/AIDS risk factors for women include:
- unprotected sex with multiple partners
- unprotected sex with someone who is HIV positive
- sharing of needles for drug use
- the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as syphilis, chlamydia and herpes.
- Associated Press Report, Obama HIV/AIDS plan calls for reducing infections, July 13, 2010
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web site, Basic Information about HIV and AIDS and HIV and AIDS in the United States, accessed July 13, 2010
- Mayo Clinic web site, HIV/AIDS: Risk Factors, accessed July 13, 2010