When working with herbs it is important to be able to make various types of formulations depending upon need This is an overview of the various types of formulations that are commonly used and how to prepare them.
This is your standard method of extraction. About 1 tablespoon of herbs used are steeped in 8 oz. boiling water for about 5-10 minutes.
Similar to infusions, however the boiling time is longer to extract more of the constituents. This is also the method used for roots, barks and seeds.
Take 3 cups of water plus the about 1 cup of the herbs used. Boil for 20 minutes. The water will boil down to about 1 ½ cups. Strain the liquid and set to the side. Pour in another 3 cups of water into the pot with the same herbs and boil again for another 20 minutes. Strain. Mix the two batches of liquid to even out the strength. Drink one cup a day. One-half a cup can be drunk in the morning and one-half at night. Refrigerate any unused portion.
Place herbs in water and allow to steep for 8-12 hours.
Poultices are made by applying the herbs which have been boiled directly to the skin. This is then covered with a patch to keep the herbs in place
mix cooked herbs with cooked oatmeal or cornmeal. Apply as you would a poultice.
Soak a cloth into an infusion and decoction wring out the excess and apply as hot as possible to the affected area of the body.
Soak a cloth into a cooled infusion or decoction. Leave on until warmed by body heat. Repeat as necessary.
Grind dried plant parts until you have a powder. Powder can be taken with another drink, sprinkled on food, or swallowed. The can also be placed into gelatin caps. A “OO” cap holds about 15 grains . The average dosage is about the amount you pick up on the end of a dinner knife.
Syrups are made by boiling the ingredients in honey and then straining through a cheesecloth.
Lozenges are made by boiling the honey for about 20 – 30 minutes. The drop a bit of the honey into a cool cup of water. When the honey forms into a soft ball it is ready to be made into lozenges. Drop a small amount onto a piece of parchment paper.
Tinctures are made by placing herbs in a jar and covering the herbs with alcohol.. a teaspoon of tincture can be administered directly or in a cup of hot tea or juice. For those who do not wish to use alcohol, vegetable glycerin can be used instead.
Medicinal wine is made by placing a single dosage of powdered herbs into a glass of warmed red wine.
Mix equal parts of herb mixture with olive or other oils. Boil for about 20 minutes. Remove from heat and strain. Add a drop of tincture of benzoin as a preservative
Mix one part melted beeswax with five parts oil mixture. Add more oil or beeswax to obtain the desired consistency. Salves can also be made by mixing tinctures and essential oils with with other ingredients such as petroleum jelly.